The wounded streamed into Moscow, along with the horrific news that Kutuzov, Marshal of the Russian forces, had ordered a retreat from Borodino.
Factories and shops closed as panic spread across the great city.
The citizens initially waited for the city administration to provide some sort of guidance. But events were overtaking them. At Fili, the Russian general staff had convened a council and decided to abandon the city so as to save the rest of the Russian army.
The Moscow administration ordered a general evacuation. Four thousand wagons and 17,000 people trooped out, including the firemen with all their equipment.
[Translated excerpts from КНИЖКА С КАРТИНКАМИ.]